Political elites involved
There is a growing body of evidence that political elites and government officials in Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Tanzania are heavily involved in poaching and the smuggling of ivory and rhino horn for gain and to fund political patronage.
Insurgency and conflict are part of the problem but so are political corruption, organised smuggling and criminal networks. Curbing it demands prosecuting not only poachers, but also the “big men” controlling the trade in the African ports or cities from which the ivory goes to East Asia.
The article here: http://mg.co.za/article/2014-12-11-target-the-traders-in-ivory-war